3.17 Carbon: Decoupling-the relationship between economic development and CO2 emissions

To achieve carbon dioxide emission reduction we need to analyze the relationship between economic development and CO2 emissions. Generally, the goal for both developed and developing countries is to maintain their economic growth at sustainable rates. However, economic growth can appear to conflict with emission reductions when CO2 emissions are intricately linked with the country’s gross domestic product. By Michael Witkowicz

4.1 Carbon: Embodied Carbon

Author: Patricia Alves ABSTRACT: Embodied Carbon refers to all CO2 emissions associated with material and construction processes throughout the whole lifecycle of a building or infrastructure. (Figure 1 - Image: WorldGBC Embodied carbon call to action report, 2019) MAIN: “Buildings are currently responsible for 39% of global energy-related carbon emissions: 28% from operational emissions, from … Continue reading 4.1 Carbon: Embodied Carbon

4.3 Carbon: Carbon Life Cycle

Author: Renée Trecroce ABSTRACT: Carbon lifecycle is a “cradle to grave” approach to assessing the carbon footprint of a product or resource. Emissions produced during production, manufacturing, operation and disposal phases contribute to a complete carbon audit. The application of carbon lifecycle assessment to international agreements can address issues of accountability in the global marketplace. … Continue reading 4.3 Carbon: Carbon Life Cycle

4.4 Carbon: What are emission scopes?

Author: Dannan Yan ABSTRACT: A city’s ability to mitigate climate change and take action depends on whether the city has accurate data on greenhouse gas emissions. The first thing to determine in urban greenhouse gas accounting is the urban greenhouse gas accounting boundary, which is divided into direct emissions, indirect emissions and "scope." Direct emissions … Continue reading 4.4 Carbon: What are emission scopes?

4.6 Carbon: Carbon inequality

To better understand what carbon inequality is, we'll first be looking at what is known as the carbon budget. Then we'll discuss what the issue is with carbon inequality, how it affects the global population both geographically and socio-economically, and why it should inform climate change policies. By Wandia Muchiri